Finding Aids and Indexes



What is a finding aid?

A finding aid is a document that contains a description of a record group, a collection, or series of archival materials. The finding aids below are specific to the Pine Ridge Community. They were donated by community members, authors, or shared by other archives. Archives, such as the one here at Woksape Tipi, are arranged by a record group, then by collection, then by series, and sometimes by file or item. There are two record groups at Oglala Lakota College. One contains the records of the Oglala Sioux Tribe from 1936-1999, as well as the OST Tribal Repository, and the other includes the records and special collections of Oglala Lakota College. Each of the two groups contains several series by department or program or type. Some contain subseries in terms of arrangement. One example is the Special Collections Series of Oglala Lakota College. There are several subseries which include specific collections by type (audio) or by creator (Jeanne Smith).





C. Ronald Corum Collection 

The collection contains audio cassette recordings, indices for recordings, photographic slides, journal articles and clippings by C. Ronald Corum related to his research on the Pine Ridge and Rosebud Indian Reservations in South Dakota (1973-1975) and about the artist Frederick Weygold.  The collection also includes audio cassette recordings of Lakota language and culture instruction from linguist Dr. David Maurer to Corum as well as Maurer’s Lakota language notes given to him by Frederick Weygold. Oglala Lakota College, in partnership with the University of Louisville, maintains the digital versions of the photographic slides and audio recordings. This material is currently restricted to family members who were subjects of photographs and recordings at this time; however, the Lakota language instructional audio files are available for access. 


Charmaine White Face Defenders of the Black Hills Collection 

Research includes documents, correspondence, and related materials specific to Defenders of the Black Hills documents, Grey Eagle Society/Sioux Nation Treaty Council Meetings documents, and extensive vertical files related to her work with the United Nations. 


Hazel McGaa Cuney Collection 

The manuscript component of the collection contains the written and typed notes of Hazel McGaa Cuney. These include accounts of the Wounded Knee Massacre, the family histories of Cuny Table, and accounts of the effects of the Badlands Bombing Range. There are extensive collections and notes of family histories and genealogies. The ranch business component includes the family ranch business and includes a brand book, ledgers, and related documents. The photograph and slide collection includes copies of photographs from other institutions as well as copies and original prints of family photos spanning several generations. These materials are arranged in series I and IV. Additionally, an extensive artifact collection is currently on loan to us and is available for research use. 


Jeanne Smith Collection 

Research materials—including manuscripts, publications, interviews on cassettes, and transcriptions—gathered, indexed, and donated by Jeanne Smith under a grant from the South Dakota Humanities Council. Groups 1 and 2 comprise the bulk of the collection, focusing on family and community histories of the Pine Ridge Reservation, especially white men who married Lakota women. All subjects in the Collection are related to the Pine Ridge Reservation and the Lakota people, history, genealogy (white/Indians inter-marrying), and government. Almost all of the materials are copied from other archives located in the region: (1) The American Indian Research Project, University of South Dakota, Vermillion; (2) Ft. Laramie Archives, Ft. Laramie, Wyoming; (3) Museum of the Fur Trade, Chadron, Nebraska; (4) Ft Robinson Collection, Nebraska State Historical Society, Lincoln, Nebraska; (5) Mari Sandoz Collection, University of Nebraska-Lincoln; (6) JR Walker Papers, Colorado Historical Society; (7) Western History/Genealogy Department, Denver Public Library. An Index Guide was created for Groups 1 and 2 by Jeanne Smith, which often includes the subject(s), names mentioned, and source of each file. 


Joe Jackson Collection 

Research materials donated by author Joe Jackson for Black Elk: The Life of an American Visionary. Collection is currently being processed. Inquire for more information.


Pacifica Radio Archives 

This is a digital collection provided to us in partnership with Pacifica Radio Archives. The collection contains civil rights era and American Indian Movement era recordings. We have over two hundred hours of interviews available for access. Users are required to complete a copy user agreement and cite use and credit to Pacifica Radio Archives and Oglala Lakota College.


Paul Robertson Collection 

Research materials specific to Power of the Land: Identity, Ethnicity, and Class Among the Oglala Lakota; Records specific to Robertson's work at Oglala Lakota College, specifically Community Action Project and course development work. Collection is currently being processed. Inquire for more information.


Phil Burnham Collection 

Research materials donated by the author specific to Dewey Beard and the publication Song of Dewey Beard. Recently donated additions by Burnham, specific to Indian Country, God's Country: Native Americans and the National Parks, are a part of this collection as well.  


Rex Alan Smith Collection 

Research materials donated by the author specific to his research and notes for the book Moon of Popping Trees


Richmond Clow Collection

 Research materials donated by Richmond Clow, University of Montana, History Professor. Extensive historical documents include Forced Fee Patents on Pine Ridge Reservation and United States vs. Sioux Indians Court of Claims, and early OIA documents that reflect early versions of the IRA constitutions of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe and the Oglala Sioux Tribe.


Stew Magnuson Collection 

Research materials donated by author Stew Magnuson for The Death of Raymond Yellow Thunder. The collection includes audio cassette interviews for the book and interviews recorded during the White Clay, NE protest to ban the sale of alcohol in 2005.





Alice Fletcher & Willard Rhodes Collections from Library of Congress, 1896-1947; available in digital format in the OLC Archives.

American Indian Research Project interviews from University of South Dakota, ca. 1967-1985; contact USD's Oral History Center for more information

James E. Emery Audio Collection, ca. 1950-1975available in digital format in the OLC Archives.

KILI Radio Program Collection, ca. 1985-1995; partially digitized; some available in digital format in Mukurtu platform.

Manager as Warrior Leadership interviews, 1990; available in digital format in Mukurtu (must be an OLC Community member in Mukurtu).

Matthew King Audio Collection, 1961-1980; available in digital format in the OLC Archives.

Pacifica Radio Archives: American Indian Civil Rights Movement 1963-2012. 

Stew Magnuson Interview Collection, 1989-2005; available in digital format in the OLCA Archvies.

Gerald One Feather Interview, 2000 & 2007; available in digital format in Mukurtu platform.




The list below reflects in-house newspapers; many of these are available on microfiche too. None are digitized.


Bennett County Booster, 1915-16, 1942-1983

Black Hills People's News, 2001-2006

Crazy Horse News, 1973-1978

I'm Nameless/The Indian, 1965-

Indian Country Today, 1992-2004

Lakota Eyapaha, 1977-1981

Lakota Journal, 2002-2004

Lakota Times, 1981-1992

Martin Messenger, 1922-1952

Mustang News, 1977-1988

Nebraska History, 1941, Sioux Memorial Issue

Oglala War Cry, 1970-1975

Oglala Lakota, 1970-71

Oglala Light, 1907-1918;

Oglala Nation News, 1972-73, 1979

Oyate Wicaho, 1982

Oglala Wicahpi

Oglala Wic’ooyake, 1972

Paha Sapa, 1979, 1992

Shannon County News, 1930-31, 1961-1976

Sitanka Wokiksuya Wowapi, 1990

Sioux Nation Cowboy News, 1980

South Dakota Historical Review, 1936-37

Talking About Learning: Pine Ridge, 1975-1976

The Indian Sentinel, 1902-1956;

Tiwahe Gluonihanpi, 1988-89

Tribal College Journal, 1989-

Visions, 1992

War Cry, 1968

Wassaja, 1974-75

Wounded Knee Legal Defense Committee Newsletter, 1973-1975